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GeoData

Data Journal of Geology, Ecology, Oceanography, Space Science and Polar Science

For Authors

Research Ethics


Article 1 (Purpose)

The purpose of this guideline is to establish research ethics for scholarly records published in GEO Data journal, to prevent acts against research ethics in advance, and verify fair and systematic reaction if infractions will be occur.

Article 2 (Applicable subject)

This regulation applies to all published papers (hereinafter referred to as ‘thesis’), including published (planned) papers and conference presentations (oral or poster presentations).

Article 3 (Definition of Research Misconduct)
  1. 1. The act against research ethics (hereinafter referred to as 'unfair conduct- misconduct') refer to forgery, falsification, plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and unfair authorship, etc.
    • ‘Forgery’ refers to the act of creating data or research results that are non-existent.
    • ‘Falsification’ refers to the act of manipulating the research findings, process or altering or removing the data results by artificially adjusting research materials, devices, procedures, etc.
    • ‘Plagiarism’ refers to the act of copying the ideas, processes, and findings, without valid approval or citation. Two representative forms of plagiarism are defined as the following:
      • - When the original author's idea, data, and method are arbitrarily used without acknowledging to the original source and claiming it as one’s own work.
      • - In case of citing the source without valid approval or quote.
    • 'Self-plagiarism' refers to the act of reusing a substantial part of a copyrighted article in the same language already published in another journal, as same or with only slight modifications, without explicit citation or reference.
    • 'Unfair authorship' means not granting the qualifications as an author for those who has made scientific or technical contributions to the contents or results of the research without valid reasons or expressing appreciation or courtesy for those individuals who has not contributed to the research. Moreover, the act of granting the qualifications as a thesis author is done for reasons such as intentionally interfering with the investigation of the fraudulent activity of the person or others, or inflicting harm to the informant.
    • ‘Duplicated publication’ refers to the act of re-editing all or some parts of the previously published papers with similar research objectives, methods, data, and conclusions and submitting to other academic journal, even if intentionally or unintentionally.
    • ‘Misconduct’ should be decided by the Research Ethics Committee based on the Ministry of Science and Technology regulation No. 236 (2.8.2.2007).
    • “Citation” means that a part of another person’s work can be quoted as it is or translate that it does not infringe the intellectual property rights. The following rules must be considered when quoting.
      • - The source must be clearly indicated.
      • - The cited article must be clearly distinguished.
      • - The list of references should be accurately prepared.
      • - The subject of citation must be confirmed from the original source.
      • - Unpublished works should not be cited.
      • - If necessary, prior approval of the author must be obtained.
Article 5 (Research Integrity)
  1. Researchers must be honest in the entire process of their research. It refers to honesty in the overall research process, including sharing the ideas, designing of experiments, analyzing of experiments and results, acknowledging the research funds, publication of research results, and fair compensation for research participants.
  2. The researcher considers plagiarism, manipulation, falsification, and counterfeiting as serious criminal acts, and must prevent such misconduct from occurring.
  3. If there is a case of suspected misconduct in accordance with Article 4, the researcher must report it to the journal editor in an appropriate way.
Article 6 (Publicity of Research)
  1. Researchers must take an open stance as much as possible on the development of academic research within the scope of their research.
  2. After the research results are disclosed, if there is a request from another researcher, research-related data and results must be actively provided within the scope permitted by intellectual property rights or research-related regulations.
Article 7 (Bioethics)
  1. When conducting research related to the human body or living organisms, prior approval from the IRB (committee) must be obtained, and the committee may take measures to obtain approval from an external organization if it is necessary.
  2. Researchers must protect the personal information of clinical trial participants and must comply with all relevant laws and regulations.
Article 8 (Author's Responsibilities)
  1. Authors have the right to be recognized as their own achievements for all research that they have actually conducted or contributed, and have an obligation to take responsibility accordingly.
  2. In joint research, the corresponding author has overall responsibility for all matters related to the research. Additionally, he/she is responsible for managing and supervising the research of the joint researcher.
Article 9 (Compliance with other organizations' ethics regulations)
  1. Researchers should be familiar with the legal restrictions related to their research.
  2. In addition to this regulation, it may be requested to follow the guidelines for research conducted by the research ordering organization or related organizations.
Article 10 (Establishment and Composition of the Committee)
  1. The Research Ethics Committee (hereinafter referred to as the “Committee”) is established to deliberate on and deal with matters related to research ethics, etc.
  2. The committee is composed of 7 members.
  3. The committee consists of a chairman, a deputy chairman, a secretary, and members.
  4. The chairman is appointed by the editor-in-chief, and the deputy chairman and secretary are elected by the committee.
  5. Members are appointed by the editor-in-chief in consideration of their field of study.
  6. The length of membership is one year, and they may be reappointed.
Article 11 (Function)

The committee deliberates and decides on the following matters to ensure research ethics.

  1. Matters concerning the establishment and operation of research ethics;
  2. Matters about protecting the informant and restore the reputation of the investigated person;
  3. Matters concerning the processing and follow-up of preliminary investigation and main investigation results,
  4. Other matters are requested by the chairman.
Article 12 (Committee Operation)
  1. The committee is convened by the request of the chairman or when the chairman deems it is necessary.
  2. The Committee shall maintain independence in its operation and activities.
  3. The committee opens with the attendance of a majority of all the members, and resolutions are made with the consent of a majority of the members.
  4. Members related to the subject cannot participate in the research review.
  5. The chairman may request the research director to submit or report data.
  6. The committee may appoint experts in a specific field as advisors depending on the case.
  7. Members must keep confidentiality in all matters related to deliberation.
Article 13 (Unfair Act - Reporting and Receiving Misconduct)

The committee can receive reports in all possible ways, such as in writing, by phone, or e-mail, and in principle, reports should contain their real names of senders. However, if an anonymous report is received, try to mention the name of the thesis, the details and evidence of the misconduct in writing or by e-mail.

Article 14 (Investigation Period)

The committee shall comply with each of the following rules in performing its duties.

  1. The investigation must be initiated within 30 days from the date of receipt of the report.
  2. The investigation shall be completed within 90 days from the start date of the investigation, including the judgment.
Article 15 (Request for Submission of Data)

The committee may request the whistleblower, the person under investigation, the witnesses and the referee to submit additional data, and in this case, all must comply.

Article 16 (Protection of Informant and Investigator’s Rights and Observance of Confidentiality)

In any case, the identity of the informant shall not be exposed directly or indirectly, and the name of the informant shall not be included in the investigation result report to protect the informant unless it is absolutely necessary.

Article 17 (Guarantee of right to raise objection and plead)

The committee shall equally guarantee the right and opportunity to express opinions, raise objections and plead for the subject under investigation, and shall inform authors about the relevant procedures in advance.

Article 18 (Judgment)

The committee shall comply with each of the following rules in performing its duties.

  1. The committee confirms the contents and results of the investigation based on the contents of the objection or pleading and notifies the informant and the person under investigation.
  2. If agreement on the contents and results of the investigation is not reached, a decision may be made by a vote. In this case, a decision is made with the attendance of more than half of the enrolled members and the approval of at least 2/3 of the present members.
  3. If the informant or the person under investigation is dissatisfied with the investigation results of the, he/she may request a re-deliberation by submitting a written explanation and stating the reasons within 15 days from the date of notification of the result.
Article 19 (Disciplinary Measures)

If any disciplinary issues is detected by the committee the following actions will be performed.

  1. [Caution] Notify all authors of the thesis about the misconduct, and take precautions when writing the thesis in the future.
  2. [Warning] All authors of the thesis are informed of the facts about unfair conduct – cheating. The previously published thesis is withdrawn, and warns them to be careful when writing a thesis in the future.
  3. [Responsibilities] All authors of the thesis are notified of the fact about unfair conduct - cheating. The previously published thesis is withdrawn, and the author of the thesis cannot submit any thesis to this journal for 2 years.
  4. [Severe censure] This fact is notified to the head of the institution where the authors are working in an official letter, and all authors of the thesis are not allowed to submit thesis to this journal for 3 years.
Addendum
  1. This regulation has been implemented from December 1, 2019.

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